Professional Training & Qualifications

1974-’77 BSc (hons) physiology, Bristol Univ. Medical School

Completed concurrent 1 or 2-year undergrad courses in biochemistry, pharmacology, neuroanatomy/neuropathology, reproductive physiology, cell biology and psychology, psychology. Undertook lab-based research project investigating cerebellar and spinal control of movement and posture by plotting evoked potentials in response to peripheral stimulation.

1981-‘84 Full-time study at the International College of Oriental Medicine

Including Daoist and TCM acupuncture, Chinese medicine theory, diagnosis, clinical practice and biomedical clinical sciences. This was the most extensive acupuncture training available in Europe at that time. Thesis completed on Ben-biao theory.


Self-studied CHM and translated basic information on prepared mediicne from Chinese. Taught introductory courses on this in the UK. This was pioneering work as there was no UK CHM training was available at this time and there were no wholesale CHM importers.


Studied with the newly founded School of Chinese Herbal Medicine, London with Dr Ted Kaptchuk and Giovanni Macciocia. Distinction in final exam.


clinical internships in the acupuncture department of Shanghai’s Yuyang hospital and at the prestigious Shugang hospital.


clinical internship Dermatology dept. of Beijing Guanganmen Hospital.


Master of Science (distinction) on scientific evaluation of TCM’s explanatory models. Univ. Wales/NCA. This was the UK’s 1 M-level distinction award in acupuncture.


Practitioner diploma in NLP – Pegasus Training UK.